Compliance With International and National Frameworks Governing Natural Product Research in Guyana: Insight Into the Policies, Guidelines and a Communication and Engagement Strategy for Sharing Information

Ewart Smith, Ainsely Lewis, R.J. Neil Emery & Suresh S. Narine (2024)

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Ewart Smith✉️, Environmental and Life Sciences Graduate Program, Trent University, Peterborough, ON, Canada

Ainsely Lewis, R.J. Neil Emery. Department of Biology, Trent University, Peterborough, ON, Canada

Suresh S. Narine. Trent Centre for Biomaterials Research, Trent University, Peterborough, ON, Canada; Departments of Physics & Astronomy and Chemistry, Trent University, Peterborough, ON, Canada



The controversial utilisation of biological resources arises from the amalgamation of globalisation and biopiracy, both fuelled by Intellectual Property Rights (IPRs). Historically, biodiversity exploration remained unhindered, devoid of legal or ethical repercussions. However, over time, extensive debates have taken place, culminating in pivotal agreements: the United Nations Convention on Biological Diversity (UNCBD), ratified during the Nairobi Conference on May 22, 1992; the Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights (TRIPS); and the Nagoya Protocol (NP), inked on October 29, 2010, in Nagoya, Japan, and globally enforced from October 12, 2014. These significant accords, including the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD), uphold nations’ sovereignty over natural resources and acknowledge Indigenous and rural communities’ traditional knowledge concerning biodiversity. This assessment delves into the global legal framework and instruments that foster trust, protect biological resources, ensure equitable benefit sharing, and establish connections between biodiverse developing countries and research entities. It also highlights Guyana’s legal framework, shedding light on its measures to safeguard biodiversity resources and conserve biodiversity within its jurisdiction.


Keywords: Guyana, biological resources, intellectual property, stakeholder engagement, communication framework

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