The Reviewer’s Guidelines


The review process is a method used to evaluate the quality of manuscripts. The JARE hopes that this process will allow quality manuscripts to be published. In addition, it hopes to provide young and early-career academics with access to experts in their areas of study who can ably assist them to improve the quality of their output. The JARE operates a blind peer review system.


  1. Reviewer must ensure that the manuscript is within their area of expertise and that they can conduct a critical review of the manuscript in 21 days.
  2. Reviewers should indicate immediately if a conflict of interest exists.
  3. Reviewers should comply with ICMJE and COPE guidelines regarding confidentiality and ethics particularly as it relates to plagiarism.


Review reports

The JARE expects Reviewers to be honest and objective irrespective of the viewpoint expressed in the manuscript. In evaluating a manuscript, reviewers should focus on the following:

  • Originality
  • Contribution to the field
  • Technical quality
  • Clarity of presentation

Reviewers should also:

Observe that the author(s) have followed the instruction for authors and publication guidelines.

The Reviewer’s Report should be precise and objective. Constructive criticism should where necessary be supported by facts regarding the content of the manuscript. The JARE expects Reviewers to make only critical corrections.



Reviewers’ recommendation should be either:

  • Accept subject to corrections
  • The manuscript requires improvement
  • Reject

Publication Integrity and Ethics Guidelines for Reviewers