Publication Guidelines

The JARE is an open access publication and therefore, all articles published online will be freely accessible to everyone immediately after publication. Unless otherwise stated, content is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License. We do not require authors to pay any article processing charges (APCs) when submitting an article for possible publication.

The JARE adheres to the guidelines established by the Committee on Publication Ethics.


The International Committee of Medical Journal Editors determines authorship based on the following four criteria:

  • Substantial contributions to the conception or design of the work; or the acquisition, analysis, or interpretation of data for the work; AND
  • Drafting the work or revising it critically for important intellectual content; AND
  • Final approval of the version to be published; AND
  • Agreement to be accountable for all aspects of the work in ensuring that questions related to the accuracy or integrity of any part of the work are appropriately investigated and resolved.

The JARE will assume that all authors approve of the manuscript submitted for publication. Authors are advised to acknowledge funding agencies and persons who participated in the execution of the research and/or the development of a manuscript but do not meet any of the four criteria adumbrated by the ICMJE.

The Review Process

The JARE will employ a double blind review process.

The manuscripts submitted to reviewers will omit all identifying features inclusive of the author(s) name, address/affiliation, country, phone/fax and email as well as any information in the Acknowledgement and Declaration of Conflict of Interest that may aid in the determination of identity. Likewise the reviewers report will also omit any identifying features prior to submission to the author. Two review reports are required for each manuscript.

An Evaluator will review the original manuscript and the review reports and make one of the following decisions:

  • Accept subject to corrections
  • The manuscript requires improvement
  • Reject

All decisions will be communicated to the author(s).






The omission/insertion of name(s) that do not meet the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors definition of an author violates the JARE publication ethics.

Plagiarism is a violation of the JARE publication ethics.

All submissions must be the original works of the Author(s). The publication of a paper that overlaps substantially with one already published will be considered plagiarism if there is no clearly visible reference to the previous publication.

Please note that the JARE follows the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors guidelines regarding overlapping publications. The International Committee of Medical Journal Editors indicates, “It is unethical for authors to submit a manuscript to more than one journal at the same time. This includes the submission of manuscripts derived from the same data in such a manner that there are no substantial differences in the manuscripts. Duplicate submission also includes the submission of the same/similar manuscript in different languages to different journals.”

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